Bromine is a commercially important chemical which can be recovered from Sea – water or form salt water bitterns; which is the concentrated seawater left over after the extraction of salt. Theoretically for every kilogram of salt produced there is one kilogram of bittern left behind. The concentration of Bromine is proportional to the concentration of seawater. Bittern at 29° Be contains approximately 2.85 GPL of BROMINE. Bromine content is proportional to the concentration of it is worthwhile to note that sodium chloride precipitates between 24° Be and 28 ° Be.
Currently, there is a production of approx 85000 M.T. in the country.
As the information on production, consumption, and import of bromine is contradictory, the exact quantitative demand estimate cannot arrive. The current market price shows the supply-demand gap.
However, Bromine is still imported by consumers every year in large quantities.
In India, Liquid Bromine is consumed by the following major industries.